Deutschland Eine

 Nazis and Nazism

  • In the presidential election held on April 19, 1932 Hitler lost to Hindenberg.
  • Hindenberg’s chancellor immediately dissolved the Reichstag (the national congress) and called for new elections.
  • The July 31, 1932, election produced a major victory for Hitler’s Nazis, winning 230 seats in the new Reichstag.
  • On January 30, 1933, President Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler chancellor of Germany.
  • Two weeks after the Reichstag fire (which was believed to be a communist terrorist attack), Hitler requested the Reichstag to temporarily delegate its powers to him so that he could adequately deal with the crisis.
  • When the vote was taken, Hitler got the win to suspend the German constitution.
  • On March 23, 1933, what has gone down in German history as the “Enabling Act” made Hitler dictator of Germany, freed of all legislative and constitutional constraints.

  • The Nazi Party supported the middle-class. The areas of strongest Nazi support were in rural Protestant areas and the depressed working-class. Although the middle-class was the source of support, increasing their status by popular demand.
  • There were people for and against it but when it came to the election it was clear what the citizens wanted was nazism.
  • The government lied, like most governments do, but the people fell for it or just went along with it.

Two Policies of Nazi Germany

  • Unlike most dictators Hitler ruled by a couple policies, although the one that he is most infamous for was his Racial Policy. 
  • The racial policy of Nazi Germany was a set of policies and laws asserting the superiority of the Aryan race. These policies targeted peoples, in particular Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals and handicapped people.

  • There were six main components of the Social Policy of Nazi Germany. Being education, women's rights, environmentalism, animal protection rights, health, and social welfare.
  • There was a large portion of the policy dedicated to education, since Hilter really wanted to appeal to the youngest generation and convince them of his ways of ruling.
  • Education under the Nazi regime focused on racial biology, population policy, culture, geography and especially physical fitness. 
  • Military education  became the central component of physical education